Category Archives:Blogs

Bit by Bit, Coin by Coin

When Prime Minister Narendra Modi broke the news of demonetization to billions of Indians, many things happened. From lines gathering aroundATMs, mini protests outside banks to parties launching new e-wallet ventures. One thing nobody talked about was increase in price of Bitcoin by 10% overnight.

Bitcoins are the world’s first decentralized peer-to-peer currency, created and held electronically.Bitcoin was created by an anonymous person calling himself Santoshi Nakamoto. They’re produced (mined) by people and businesses using system created by Santoshi Nakamoto by solving some complex algorithmic equations. Every bitcoin transaction is recorded and verified in an open ledger called block-chains, thus preventing counterfeiting or double spending.

Who Prints It?

No one. The currency isn’t physically printed in the shadows of any Central Bank, unaccountable to the population and making its own rules. Instead, there are two ways of obtaining Bitcoin- either you ‘mine’ it or you buy it.

For mining, you will need mining software and some very heavy duty computing equipment and hardware as it is an intensive and tech-heavy proposition. Whereas, buying and selling can be easily done through companies- Unocoin, Zabpay, Coinsecure, BTCXIndia- which offer Bitcoin wallets and INR to BTC (Bitcoin)buying and selling.

Also, there are only 21 million bitcoins that the system has been programmed to allow. And as the number of bitcoins mined, reaches upper limit, their values are expected to shoot through the roof.

Bitcoins can be used to buy products and services from various websites including Microsoft and Dell. But if you think that bitcoin can be a substitute for your normal currency in future, think again.

Lack of Regulation

As there is no supervising authority price manipulation becomes common. If the user suffers a loss due to an exchange or the dealer deducting unfair transaction charges, he has no one to complain to. And if the bitcoin wallet is hacked into or some bitcoins are lost, there is again no recompense.

Price Volatility

There is sharp price volatility in this currency. On a certain date, the price being as high as $1140, can be seen to be down for more than 30%. The main reason for this is that there is no underlying to which the value of currency can be determined. Its price is determined by demand and supply forces around the world.

Faulty Price Discovery

Bitcoin prices are discovered through exchanges that are unregulated with very lax KYC compliance process. Wash trades, front-running and trading with insufficient funds is said to be common in many of these exchanges. In other words, the value of bitcoin is determined largely by unregulated pools of investors.

Apart from having various issues with bitcoins, it is still believe that digital currencies will exist, and thrive, in the future. What excites more about this is the building block technology behind them- the Block-chain.

The Block-Chain Revolution

Block-chain technology is where the ledger is distributed to peers across a network, promising enhanced security, trust and transparency over traditional bookkeeping systems. If data is spread to multiple entities, and each is maintained as an independent record of transactions, hacking and manipulation of such decentralized data becomes a task. It is thus already used in the financial services industry and is likely to grow popular in future.

Learn more about finance and accounting outsourcing, payroll services, virtual cfo at Aristotle Consultancy.

Common Payroll Issues You Should Avoid

Making a payroll is considered as a cumbersome process and is often outsourced to a third party consultant. A payroll is the cumulative sum of financial records for employee salaries, which includes work salaries, withdrawal of Provident Fund, claiming ESI, LWF (Labor Welfare Fund), calculating correct taxes, deductions and any bonuses. Hence, it is very important to pay close attention to how it is managed.

Here are some of the issues a company faces and should avoid while making a payroll. Let’s also talk about how one can take care of the same.

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Inexperienced Payroll Processing- Due to inaccurate client’s workforce information, processing of employee salaries might get delayed. It can also result into making crucial errors while processing such information.

Hence, it is very important to provide the business with all the accurate information for timely and sound payroll processing.

Making Incorrect Deductions- While payroll processing, making deductions are considered one of the most complex parts as there are both State and Central laws to be applied while making deductions like Employee’s Provident Fund (EPF), Professional Tax (PT), Employee’s State Insurance (ESI), Labour Welfare Fund (LWF) and Income Tax (IT)/TDS deduction. Excessive deductions can lead to lower take home salaries for employees.

Hence it is necessary for companies to be thorough and updated with all the laws regarding deductions.

Misclassifying Employees- In a company, all employees are not actually considered the same. There are independent contractors, freelancers, interns or temporary employees which are to be treated differently when it comes to payroll. Diversity in employees can lead to payroll issues.

Therefore, at the time of hiring, it is important to understand how they’ll work within an organization and treated according to applicable laws.

Not Accessing the Right Leave and Overtime Information- Leaves are managed differently across different organizations and there are also several rules for overtime according to State and Central Laws with certain exceptions. All of this is usually overlooked while computing payroll which leads to mistakes.

It can be avoided by knowing the importance of this rule for the business as it directly affects its employees.

Not keeping up with Regulatory Changes- Over time, payroll regulations keep changing. And keeping up to date with the change in significant regulations is very important for a business to avoid errors.

Hence, a company should try to be regularly updated with all the new or changed regulations regarding payroll.

No Proper Filing of Tax Returns- There are different set of rules for filing tax returns. It sometimes becomes a complicated process and directly impacts employees’ take home salary.

Therefore, all the tax deductions should be carefully made in accordance with the applicable tax rules so that the correct amount is reflected in employee’s accounts.

These are some of the issues a company can keep in mind to avoid making errors in a payroll. Though mistakes can be corrected but avoiding them is always considered better than wasting time and money in correcting them.

Learn more about finance and accounting outsourcing, payroll services, virtual cfo at Aristotle Consultancy.

When is the Right Time to Switch Your Payroll Service Provider

Years ago, changing payroll service provider was considered a headache as all the data provided by the company to the outsourcing partner had to be inputted manually. Changing vendors meant going through all the implementation and training cycles again with the new vendor.

But today with the change and advancement in technology and cloud based computing, switching service provider is not considered as difficult as it wasearlier. Though there are only two ideal time period in which your company should think of doing so:

• The start of the quarter
• The beginning of a new year

One should try to change companies as early in the calendar year as possible to make life easier of all parties involved as there is less data to transfer from your old system to your new one.

Whereas, some of the common reasons an organization can think about while switching to another payroll service provider are:


Poor Customer Service– One of the most important services of a payroll service provider is not actual payroll but their customer service like TDS applicability and ways to reduce TDS liability which is well advised by a legal compliant team only. All the services provided by them will not matter if they don’t communicate well with you, i.e., if your questions are not answered.

Too Time Consuming– If you’re spending too much time to manage and engage with the payroll system, then you should definitely think of switching to another partner. Payroll should be fast and easy, i.e., accurate as time is considered money and if one gets stuck with the training and on boarding processes on a regular basis it may get impossible to grasp the benefit out of it.

Accuracy and Consistency– For every company, accuracy is usually the top priority. Errors and mistakes can be corrected but repeated mistakes can turn out to be expensive for your company. It is therefore necessary to maintain consistency and integrity with the company at all times.

Growth– As the company grows, payroll fluctuates and so does your payroll needs. If the payroll system is unable to evolve with the needs of your company, then a better and more adaptable payroll system should be adopted.

Right pricing– If you feel the service provider is not providing with all the services it charged for and the payroll is incurring more cost than return it promised then you should switch to another partner determining and evaluating ROI factor.

Therefore, you should consider all the above while making a decision of switching your payroll service provider. There is no point in keeping the present service provider if he is not providing what a company requires.

Learn more about finance and accounting outsourcing services at Aristotle Consultancy

Reasons for Preparing Bank Reconciliation Statement

Bank reconciliation is the process of verifying the integrity of data between bank records and company’s financial records. It begins with matching the balances in an entity’s accounting records for a cash account to the corresponding information on a bank statement. It is therefore a necessary process which can sometimes become too long and monotonous.


Here are some of the common reasons for preparing Bank Reconciliation Statement:

1.Unpresented Cheques -Whenever cheques are issued by the firm for payment, they are entered on the credit side of the bank column of the cash book immediately. Whereas, receiving person may not present these cheques on the same date. This causes the difference between cash book and pass book as the bank debits the firm’s account only when cheques are presented for payment.

2.Unrealized Cheques– Cheques deposited into bank are debited by the firm immediately which in turn increases their bank balance. Whereas bank credits firm’s account when these cheques are actually realized, i.e., after few days. Hence, the difference remains till these cheques are cleared.

3.Dishonor of Cheques– Firm credits its account as and when it deposits a cheque with the bank. However, the information of cheque being dishonored is received later to the firm. As a result, difference remains till it is debited back in the account.

4.Errors in Recording Transactions- While preparing cash book, firm might make few errors like missing out sale entry or other important transactions, wrong balancing, and recording transactions in other ledgers which should be recorded in cash book, etc. All these lead to the difference in balances between cash book and pass book.

5.Stale Cheques-A cheque issued by a firm to a payee but not presented for payment by the payee within the local banking law of six months becomes stale. The amount already credited in the bank column of cash book of payer creates the difference.

6.Credit Transfer– Sometimes, the debtors deposit money directly into the firm’s bank account without giving any notification to the firm. In this case, bank credits the firm’s account but the same is not recorded in the cash book. Therefore, difference occurs.

7.Direct Debit– In some cases, firm gives instructions to bank to pay amount due directly to the payee on due date. This way, bank debits the firm’s account but the firm forgets to make an entry in the cash book.

Learn more about Bank Reconciliation services, finance and accounting outsourcing, virtual cfo at Aristotle Consultancy

To know more about Bank Reconciliation Services, call us at+91-8130464163

Benefits of Outsourcing Accounts Payable for Business

Accounts payable is a liability due which needs to be paid within the specified period to avoid default. Accounts Payable Process is mostly outsourced as it increases the pain and chances for errors from receipt to invoice processing. It enables a company to focus on core business and work efficiently.

While for some companies, it might not be practical to outsource whole Accounts Payable Department but keeping some functions in-house to enhance the efficiency of their entire Accounts Payable Process.

Accounts Payable Outsourcing offers following benefits to a business:


Reduce Upfront Costs- Having your own in-house accounts payable technology, infrastructure and staff can prove to be very costly for a company. On the other hand, outsourcing these services can help to reduce the upfront costs by enabling a company to convert fixed costs into variable costs.

Timely Payment- For small and medium sized businesses, proper cash inflow and outflow is very important as they have limited cash sources. Not having a sound AP process hampers the working of a company by incurring huge losses. While, having accounts payable services outsourced helps a company to pay bills and invoices on time and also get the early paying bills discount maintaining a healthy supplier relationship.

Increase Efficiencies- The rationale for outsourcing is that it is usually better for an expert service provider to perform nonstrategic activities. Outsourcing model enables an organization to offload transactional functions to third party service provider’s expertise and gain the importance to focus more on higher value and analytical tasks.

Better Resources- With the changes in technological advances; every technology investment carries the risk of being obsolete and being more expensive than planned. Outsourcing service provider having accounts payable as its core function has the latest and updated technology software. Therefore, it assumes and manages all the technology risk.

Control on Excess Payment- By doing P2P process verification, entire flow of Accounts payable transactions is checked and better assurance is achieved in terms of correct payment to vendors. Vendor invoices are correctly checked in terms of approved rates and quality.

Learn more about finance and accounting outsourcing services at Aristotle Consultancy